Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee was born on 6th July 1901 in a Brahmin family in Calcutta. A good student in school, he grew to become a man of high ideals who led a pure and straight forward life. He obtained a degree in English, an M.A. and B.L. respectively. He began practicing in Calcutta High Court in 1924 after his father`s death. In the year 1926 he left for England to study in Lincoln's Inn. 

He became a barrister in 1927 and the youngest Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta till 1938. Subsequently Shyama Prasad was elected as member of the Legislative Council of Bengal, as a Congress candidate representing Calcutta University in the year 1929. A year later he resigned. He then contested the election as an independent candidate and won. In 1937 he was re-elected from the university constituency. 

He shouldered the responsibility of ministry of finance and on being influenced by Veer Savarkar he became a spokesman for Hindus and shortly joined Hindu Mahasabha. He became a part of the Quit India Movement, a very important landmark in India History. Seeing the atrocities meted out to the Indians, Shyama Prasad took upon himself to persuade the central government to desist from its inhuman and repressive measures. 

This was to no avail. Mukherjee took up the cause of uniting the majority community, the Hindu masses. He believed that Hindus were tolerant towards minority communities because of which the people of minority communities led healthy, happy and respectful lives. The quality of his social work was evident in the 1943 famine when he worked day and night to save lives of famine hit people. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee joined the first national Government in August 1947 on the insistence of Mahatma Gandhi. 

He was inducted as Minister for Industry and Supply. On a disagreement with the policy of the Government towards Pakistan Mukherjee resigned from the Cabinet on 6th April 1950 and took on the role in the Lok Sabha as the leader of opposition party. 

Mukherjee founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh along with Madhav Sadashiv Golwalkar on October 21, 1951 at Delhi and became its first President. He propagated Hindutva in a big way. He fought tooth and nail for the cause of integration of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of India and was against the law which stopped Indians from settling there. The brave fighter died in the year 1953. How he died still remains a mystery. CSIR instituted a new and prestigious fellowship after him. A great man who lived a selfless life and was revered by the masses shall continue to live in our hearts for ever.

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